Do you find our website to be helpful?
Yes   No

Understanding the Differences Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

If you suffer from diabetes, you’re not alone. More than 34 million Americans have diabetes, a group of diseases that hinder the body’s ability to regulate blood sugar. Diabetes requires careful management to prevent more serious health problems, including heart or kidney disease. 

The American Diabetes Association says more than seven million Americans with diabetes haven’t been diagnosed, perhaps because different types of diabetes have different symptoms.  

At Healthy Life Family Medicine, our team of experienced providers offers diagnostic services as well as diabetic treatments to help you manage your diabetes. We’re also committed to educating you about the differences between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.

What is diabetes?

When you eat, your body converts food into sugar, the main source of energy. Sugar is carried in your blood to cells throughout your body. 

When your blood sugar levels rise after eating, your pancreas releases insulin, a hormone that allows the blood sugar to enter your body’s cells to be converted into energy. If you have diabetes, your body has difficulty making or using insulin. You can end up with too much glucose in your blood, which can lead to serious medical conditions and even death.

What is Type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is a type of autoimmune disorder that causes your body to stop making insulin. Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, although most patients are diagnosed with the condition as children or young adults. 

Currently, there’s no cure or prevention for Type 1 diabetes. To control Type 1 diabetes, you must regularly monitor your insulin levels and take insulin to stay alive. 

Researchers say that about 5% of people with diabetes are Type 1 diabetics. Type 1 diabetes symptoms include:

If you exhibit these symptoms, you should seek medical attention immediately. 

What is Type 2 diabetes?

Most people in the U.S. who have diabetes, have Type 2 diabetes. Most people develop Type 2 diabetes as adults, although the rate of Type 2 diabetes in children and teens is rising. 

When you have Type 2 diabetes, your body produces insulin, but your cells can’t use it effectively. In response, your body produces more insulin. Over time, the insulin becomes less effective, and glucose builds up in your blood.

Unlike Type 1 diabetes, the onset of Type 2 diabetes is slow and symptoms can be subtle and include:

About 84 million people in the U.S.are considered pre-diabetic. They have high blood glucose levels that don’t meet the threshold of diabetes. If you’re pre-diabetic, your chances of developing Type 2 diabetes increases.

Here are some risk factors that increase your chances of developing Type 2 diabetes:

Some people can manage their Type 2 diabetes by eating a low-carb, healthy diet, and exercising. Others might also have to take medications and insulin. 

If you have diabetes and need treatment, or if you want to test your blood sugar levels, you can schedule an appointment at Healthy Life Family Medicine by calling 623-232-9194 or using our online scheduling tool.

You Might Also Enjoy...

The Link Between High Stress Levels and High Blood Pressure

About one in three adults in the United States have high blood pressure, or hypertension - that’s about 75 million adults. Stressful situations can cause a spike in blood pressure, but does that mean there’s a link between stress and hypertension?

Can My Type 2 Diabetes Be Reversed?

Any new diagnosis at the doctor’s office is cause for doing research and exploring your treatment options. There are plenty of treatment strategies out there for Type 2 diabetes, but can you get rid of it entirely?

My Pap Smear Results Were Abnormal—What Now?

A Pap smear is just a routine screening, until the results come back “abnormal.” An abnormal result is NOT a diagnosis of cancer, but it may warrant further evaluation. Read on to learn the next steps to ensure your health.

Adopt These Lifestyle Habits to Prevent Diabetes

On average, most Americans have lifestyle habits that are not healthy, with one out of every ten suffering from diabetes. You can begin now adopting lifestyle habits to prevent this chronic disease before it takes hold and alters your life forever.

Why Is it Dangerous To Have High Blood Pressure

Chronic high blood pressure can spell trouble for your heart and overall health. Fortunately, you can take steps to lower your numbers. Read on to learn more about this silent killer and what you can do about it.